Cuban Revolution

Historical Context of the speech
The beginning of the Cuban revolution is the reason why this speech was held.
The revolution began only a few months before this speech with the attack of the Moncada casern, where the revolutionist Fidel Castro tried to take over the power of Cuba.
As the attack oppressed by the regime of dictator Baptista, Castro and his men were condemned for some years of prison. When they left, they reorganized themselves in Mexico and started the revolution in 1956.
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Fidel Castro, son of a successful Creole sugar plantation owner, was born in Cuba in 1926. Fidel was sent to a Jesuit boarding school. Although he disliked the strict discipline of the school, Fidel soon showed that he was extremely intelligent. However, except for history, he preferred sports to academic subjects. Fidel was good at running, soccer and baseball, and in 1944 was awarded the prize as Cubas best all-round school athlete.
After he had finished his education Castro became a lawyer in Havana. As he tended to take the cases of poor people who could not afford to pay him, Castro was constantly short of money. Castros experience as a lawyer made him extremely critical of the great inequalities in wealth that existed in Cuba. Like many other Cubans, Castro resented the wealth and power of the American businessmen who appeared to control the country.
In 1947 Castro joined the Cuban Peoples Party. He was attracted to this new partys campaign against corruption, injustice, poverty, unemployment and low wages. The Cuban Peoples Party accused government ministers of taking bribes and running the country for the benefit of the large United States corporations that had factories and offices in Cuba.
In 1952 Fidel Castro became a candidate for Congress for the Cuban Peoples Party. He was a superb public speaker and soon built up a strong following amongst the young members of the party. The Cuban Peoples Party was expected to win the election but during the campaign. GeneralFulgencio Batista, with the support of the armed forces, took control of the country.
Castro came to the conclusion that revolution was the only way that the Cuban Peoples Party would gain power. In 1953, Castro, with an armed group of 123 men and women, attacked the Moncada Army Barracks. The plan to overthrow Batista ended in disaster and although only eight were killed in the fighting, another eighty were murdered by the army after they were captured. Castro was lucky that the lieutenant who arrested him ignored orders to have him executed and instead delivered him to the nearest civilian prison.
Castro also came close to death in prison. Captain Pelletier was instructed to put poison in Castros food. The man refused and instead revealed his orders to the Cuban people. Pelletier was court-martialed but, concerned about world opinion, Batista decided not to have Castro killed.

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